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Experts told how “Krapiva” strengthened the Ukrainian artillery

November 19 is the professional holiday of artillerymen in the Russian army. The fulfillment of the tasks of the special military operation in Ukraine largely depends on them. But, as experts write, the special operation revealed those problems of domestic artillery that Russian industry has to solve. At the same time, it is not a sin to learn how these problems were solved in the Ukrainian army.

By and large, at the beginning of the special operation, both the Russian and Ukrainian armies used the same Soviet-designed artillery systems. But there was one significant difference in the artillery of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, unfortunately, not in our favor. In recent years, the Krapiva artillery combat control system has been created in Ukraine.

In Russia, work on such systems has also been going on for the last ten years. Billions of rubles were spent, but the important system never reached the troops in the right amount.

Alexey Rogozin spoke about what the Ukrainian “Krapiva” is and why it is dangerous.

In fact, “Krapiva” is an element of a new type of network-centric warfare. This is when a computer system integrates online intelligence data coming from a variety of sources – from soldier observers, aircraft, helicopters, drones, ground radars, artillery and air gunners.

All this information is immediately reflected on the electronic map of the area, while entering information about enemy objects is done automatically by placing a mark on the tablet screen.

As Aleksey Rogozin writes, in Ukraine this problem was solved not by some large state concerns, but by simple volunteers. “The sponsored military complained about the lack of up-to-date maps – this is how the first geoinformation system based on satellite images appeared,” notes Alexei Rogozin. Then the gunners of the Armed Forces of Ukraine asked to solve another problem – the complexity of the calculations, which slowed down the aiming of the guns.

“Volunteers first wrote a simple ballistic calculator, which reduced the aiming time to 40 seconds. From these simplest solutions, through constant small improvements, by 2016 a fairly effective tool had been formed. And in 2018, the complex was transferred free of charge to the Armed Forces of Ukraine,” said Alexei Rogozin.

The system is developing, he notes, now the Ukrainians are also deploying mass production of Valkyrie drones to adjust artillery fire – the data will be sent to Krapiva.

And what about in Russia? Alexey Rogozin asks. According to him, automated tactical weapon control systems are known, for example, Akatsia-M, Constellation-M2, Andromeda-D.

“The only question is that there are almost no user terminals in the field, and the personnel are not trained to work with these devices. Perhaps it makes sense to adopt the experience of developing “Nettle” – in close cooperation with direct users? This is a successful and important example of bottom-up initiative development – fast and necessary,” Alexei Rogozin delivers an offensive but fair verdict to the Russian defense industry, which turned out to be not up to par.

What did “Krapiva” give to the Armed Forces of Ukraine? Then, the Ukrainian artillerymen detected targets faster than we did, aimed guns more accurately and fired more accurately, inflicting losses on us.

Military expert Alexander Kharchenko partly agrees with this conclusion, whose words are quoted by many Telegram channels. According to him, the Syrian combat experience helped to introduce reconnaissance drones into the artillery combat control system.

“The Syrian war saved the Krasnopol projectiles (high-precision guided munitions. – MK),” he writes. – Before the Syrian conflict, they were aimed at the target from the ground. The effectiveness was small, so they wanted to abandon them. In 2017, the designers hung a target designator on a drone (of the Orlan-30 type) and from that moment on, 152-mm guns turned into sniper rifles that hit for tens of kilometers.

According to him, the Karabakh conflict showed that “even Soviet artillery systems can effectively hit the enemy.”

“I want to pay tribute to the Armenian artillerymen. Despite the fact that they used outdated guns such as D-20 and D-1, due to competent adjustment and training of personnel, the Azerbaijani army suffered significant losses. In addition, the Armenians were actively digging in their guns, and this is worth learning,” Kharchenko said.

“Now the Russian artillery,” the expert writes, “is being reborn through sweat and blood. The state has realized the importance of high-precision weapons, and we are moving towards this goal. Despite the losses, our gunners get the experience that could not be dreamed of by training at the training grounds. There are mistakes and shortcomings, but this is just an excuse to develop and move forward. And I believe in our guys. They will succeed.”

Source From: MK

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