The first electoral process after the assassination of Jorge Eliécer Gaitán changed the history of Colombia.
It is said that today’s presidential elections are crucial for Colombian democracy, but the reality is that they all have a historical stamp. In the 19th century, in the midst of civil wars and peace treaties, electoral dilemmas were never lacking. That is why a phrase was coined that made a career: “He who scrutinizes chooses”. On more than one occasion, the shadow of the fraud unleashed historical confrontations, investigations and controversies. Already in the 20th century, the before and after is marked by the liberal victory in 1930 after almost 40 years of conservative hegemony. (You can read: More than $1,000 million in advertising in 30 days: the digital campaign for the presidency)
From then on, the country’s electoral memory is a chessboard in the struggle for power, with too many dispute factors and the backdrop of an armed conflict that had a peace pact with the FARC in 2016, but which it is reborn in several territories, largely with the encouragement of drug trafficking. A brief review of the latest electoral events also shows how citizen movements have been leaving behind the monopoly held by the traditional Liberal and Conservative parties, paradoxically forged around the presidential election of 1848.