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Black cap – a mushroom with a “melting” cap. Is it edible?

Blackbird is a fungus that occurs naturally in Europe, but also in North America. The mature specimens look intimidating – the mushroom cap seems to be melting or dripping ink. Meanwhile, it is safe to eat, and in some countries even considered a delicacy. What is worth knowing about the black cap? How to make it?

Black cap – what is this mushroom and why does it look like this?

Cane mushroom is a fungus belonging to the mushroom family. It is commonly found in Europe (including Poland) and North America. Its juveniles may be mistaken for the blackbird. The cap is only considered edible against blackening and melting. It is a very common mushroom – it can be found in forests, meadows and pastures, but also in home gardens, lawns and in polluted places.

The black peppercorns bear fruit between April and November. The young mushroom is ovoid in shape, white in color, with a cap covered with scales. The fruiting bodies of this mushroom are extremely unstable – they must be prepared within 4-6 hours of harvesting. Blackbirds are very delicate mushrooms whose caps turn into black and inky goo as they mature. This one no longer has the taste and health benefits for which the mushroom is harvested. Interestingly, this grease contains spores, and in the past it was used to prepare ink.

It is worth remembering that there is coprine in blackheads, including the capricorns. It is a compound that blocks the breakdown of alcohol. Therefore up to 72 hours after consuming black bottles, adult alcohol should not be consumed.

Health properties of the capricorn beetle

Black hat with a cap is a mushroom that is not only tasty, but also healthy. The fruiting bodies contain fat-soluble vitamins, as well as significant amounts of calcium, sodium, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron and zinc. In addition, there is -β-glucan in the mushroom, which has an anti-cancer effect. What’s more, extracts from this mushroom have been shown to have antimutagenic, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. The substances contained in the black cap have the ability to lower cholesterol and triglycerides, as well as blood sugars. The comatin contained in this mushroom is responsible for the hypoglycemic effect.

Cultivation of black capstone

Although the black cap mushroom in Poland is a common mushroom, it is cultivated and bred in other countries, similarly to champignons. On a commercial scale, it takes place mainly in China, Korea and Taiwan. In the middle country, this species ranks eighth among cultivated mushrooms. Mushrooms are grown mainly on a substrate of sawdust and rice, wheat or corn bran. It should also contain ingredients such as cotton waste, rice straw, manure, urea and corn cobs. The fruiting bodies are harvested before the lamina turns black.

Edible black hat – what to make of it?

The black cap in Poland is rarely collected and is associated primarily with a poisonous species. This is due to the melting hat and the presence of coprine, which in combination with alcohol is very dangerous.

Nevertheless, in China, Korea and Taiwan, the mushroom is considered a delicacy. These mushrooms can be eaten fried in butter, fried in dishes, and also made into a soup. They do not require much attention – 5-15 minutes of frying is enough to prepare a delicious snack – blackberries fried with butter served with bread. Breaded will also taste great – just like kites or a giant puffball. Moreover, they are easy to clean – usually they do not have much litter sticking to them.

Biology, cultivation, nutritional value and healing properties of Coprinus comatus (Muller: Fries) SF Gray

Source From: Dziendobry

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