Tobacco consumption is one of the main risks associated with non-communicable diseases. In fact, according to the new report, eight million deaths are associated with tobacco use.
Photo: Getty Images/iStockphoto – Buenaventura Mariano
Perhaps you do not recognize the non-communicable diseases (ENT) by the technical name that they usually use to refer to them, but surely you have heard the four main groups that compose it: the diseases cardiovascularthe cancerThe diseases respiratory and the diabetes.
According to a recent report published by the World Health Organization, entitled ‘Invisible Numbers. The true extent of noncommunicable diseases and what to do about them’, it is estimated that NCDs cause almost three quarters of deaths in the world and, each year, 17 million people under the age of 70 die from them. (You can read: Is the health system going to be defunded? Guide to understand the confusion)
86% of people who die from NCDs live in low- or middle-income countries, revealing tremendous inequality. In addition, as the new report assures, this group of diseases exceeds the infectious diseases as the leading causes of death in the world.
“This report reminds us of the true magnitude of the threat posed by NCDs and their risk factors,” said Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General. But what are the risk factors for non-communicable diseases? (You may be interested in: What is the best way to clean a wound? With water or with saline solution?)
The WHO has pointed out, for several decades, that modifiable behaviors, such as the consumption of tobaccothe physical inactivitythe subsistence allowance that are not healthy and the high alcohol consumptionincrease the risk of developing NCDs.
For example, based on the figures in the new report, more than eight million deaths are caused by drug abuse. tobacco and even more than a million of these are associated with exposure to secondhand smoke. On the other hand, subsistence allowance unhealthy, where overfeeding leading to obesity is one of its manifestations, it also causes the death of eight million more people from NCDs. (You can also read: This mask detects the coronavirus in the air and sends an alert to the cell phone)
However, there are also metabolic risks and that are often related to behaviors that can be changed. The increase in blood pressurethe overweight and the obesitythe hyperglycemia (high concentrations of glucose in the blood) and the cholesterol Y triglyceride high, are the main risk factors in this regard.
But, as the WHO Director-General stated, “there are globally applicable and cost-effective interventions against NCDs that all countries, regardless of their income level, can and should use and benefit from, saving lives and money” . In fact, that was one of the commitments that emerged after the release of the report. The member countries of this organization committed to saving 50 million lives by 2030 through the ‘Global Pact on Non-communicable Diseases’. (You may be interested: Increase in suicides of minors in Colombia worries, how to prevent them?)
The main action proposed by the WHO to stop the increase in deaths from NCDs is political will, followed by primary health care and universal coverage in health systems. The organization also calls on countries to effectively guarantee the prevention, detection and treatment of this group of diseases. Last but not least, it is recommended to protect the most vulnerable population, such as those in shelters, since there are no guarantees for timely access to health services.