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What is cellulite? What causes cellulite? How is cellulite treated?

Cellulite, It is a disease that goes by various names such as ‘edematous fibrosclerotic panniculopathy’, ‘gynoid lipodystrophy’ or ‘adipose edema’ in the medical literature and usually has the appearance of an orange peel skin. Although cellulite is a condition that can affect both men and women, it can be more common and easily observed in women due to the anatomically different distributions of fat, muscle, and connective tissue. It affects 80 to 90% of women. As people age, cellulite is a normal phenomenon observed as age progresses, as fatty tissue in the body increases physiologically. What is cellulite? What causes cellulite? How is cellulite treated?


The exact cause of cellulite is unknown, but it is understood to result from the interaction between the subcutaneous connective tissue and the fat layer. Possible causes of cellulite include hormonal changes, genetic factors, weight gain or loss, poor diet, sedentary lifestyle, or smoking. There is also evidence that tight clothing and sitting too long can cause cellulite.

But many healthy women can develop cellulite despite a healthy diet and exercise program. The distribution of fat in the body can also predispose to cellulite. Since many different factors can cause cellulite, almost any woman can experience cellulite issues in any part of their body at some point in their lives.

According to estimates made in the light of research and experience to date, 80-90% of women will develop cellulite with a high probability at some point in their life after puberty. The incidence increases with age. Because with age, the skin becomes thinner and looser, which increases the risk. It has been observed that cellulite develops more frequently in fair-skinned women.

Cellulite can also be observed more rarely in men. Experts believe that the different characteristics of structures under the skin and less fatty tissue in men reduce the risk. Weight gain can make cellulite more visible, but some thin people also have cellulite. An inactive sedentary lifestyle and pregnancy can increase the risk of developing cellulite.


There are many treatment options. However, in order to get rid of cellulite caused by fatty tissue accumulated in the body, it is necessary to change your lifestyle. Sport and diet should be priority options. Proper exercise recommended during and after weight loss for body toning is important in the treatment of cellulite. If exercise and diet are not effective, devices and procedures focused on deformed fatty tissue and surgical options (liposuction) may be considered. In particular, devices that work with massage logic accelerate long-term blood circulation and reduce accumulated fatty tissue.

In medical treatment, treatments such as anti-cellulite creams, radiofrequency, ultrasound, carboxytherapy, vacuum therapy, electrotherapy, pressotherapy, laser treatments that break down fibrous bands between fatty tissue and Mesotherapy, which dissolves increased fatty tissue and regulates circulation, can be used alone or in combination. These devices, which have professionalized the classic massage method a lot, especially in the last period, both accelerate blood circulation and aim to correct the uneven distribution of fat using the effect of positive pressure and vacuum. Mesotherapy and injection procedures are treatments aimed at breaking down fat cells.

* Application of lymphatic drainage: It is the process of applying equal pressures on the whole leg or abdomen with different intervals and values ​​in order to ensure lymphatic drainage, especially due to the deterioration of the superficial circulation in the legs.

* Mesotherapy: This is the injection of special solutions into the middle layer of the skin using special 4 millimeter needles and an injector. These substances have a direct effect on the cellulite area and break down fat cells not used by the body and turn them into fat that can be used by the body. The aim of the treatment is to break down the membranes of fat cells, relieve lymphatic and blood circulation, reactivate the mechanism of lipolysis and improve the skin surface. 8 to 12 sessions to be applied once a week or once every 15 days are enough.

* LPG: Devices that act to loosen, lengthen or even break the anatomical structures called “septa” by applying vacuum to the skin have found their place in the treatment of cellulite. LPG is a massage method based on the principle of applying negative pressure to the skin and subcutaneous tissues using suction (suction) and rotation actions together.

* Acupuncture: It is a method of reaching different key points of the body using needles and destroying water and fat cells by activating them.

* Ozone therapy: This is a method that aims to burn fat by cleaning fat cells with oxygen. Thanks to the steam bath applied to the cellulite area, oxygen reaches the lower layer and accelerates blood circulation.

* Laser therapy: With the laser applied to areas with cellulite, blood circulation is accelerated and immobile areas are activated. The excess fat in the permeable fat cells is turned into liquid with the dynamic laser and the fat cells return to their healthy shape.

* Ultrasound: This is a method that breaks down fat cells by passing under the skin. It is effective not only in areas of cellulite but also in the treatment of small fats. With this method, it is ensured that the sound waves break down the cellulite or reduce its reserves by cavitation effect.

* Pressotherapy: This method, which activates blood and lymphatic circulation by air pressure, is very effective in the treatment of cellulite.

* Lipoelectro: In this treatment, which is performed using very thin and long needles, the fat in the cellulite areas is broken down and discharged with electro.

* Radiofrequency: While radiofrequency triggers the synthesis of skin collagen, it allows thinning of the subcutaneous fatty tissue. It causes loosening of the bands that cause cellulite in the deeper layers.

*Carboxytherapy: It breaks down fat cells in the area where carbon dioxide is injected, increases microcirculation and the oxygen utilization potential of tissues.


It is not possible to prevent the formation of cellulite 100%. But that’s because taking certain precautions can reduce cellulite formation. An active lifestyle and healthy diet can help minimize the appearance of cellulite. Additionally, maintaining a healthy body weight is effective in minimizing the degree of dimples on the thighs or abdomen. Muscle-strengthening exercises for the thighs and core can also help shape and smooth the areas where cellulite appears.

For overweight people, weight loss can help reduce the appearance of cellulite. But weight loss can also make the condition more pronounced in some people. Loose skin, which usually occurs after rapid and significant weight loss, can lead to a more pronounced appearance of cellulite. For this reason, a weight loss program is recommended that will allow the skin to stretch gradually and according to the weight loss.

Taking care of your skin helps reduce the appearance of cellulite. It can be effective to quit smoking and use sunscreen products to help the skin stay softer, firmer and more elastic. Because tight skin can help reduce the appearance of cellulite.

Source: Cumhuriyet

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