Brucella, an insidious and dangerous bacterium, is more common in summer. prof. Dr. Osman Erk said, “After this bacteria enters the body, it can spread to all organs and cause serious disease tables.”
Brucellais a bacterial disease transmitted to humans from infected animals or animal products. The disease, also called Brucellosis in the medical literature, is caused by the bacterium brucella. It is difficult to diagnose because it is confused with other diseases. Internal diseases
Specialist Prof. Dr. Osman Erk explained what should be known about this disease, which targets many organs in the body and is common in our country…
CONTAINS IN 4 WAYS
Brucellosis is a disease of small and large animals such as sheep, goats, cattle and buffalo that eat grass. This bacteria; It is transmitted to humans through direct contact with infected animals, raw meat, unpasteurized dairy products, and respiration. Dog and pig-to-human types are also available. There is no human-to-human transmission. Farmers, veterinarians and slaughterhouse workers are at risk. The most common transmission route is with cheese and cream made from raw milk. Since the milk is boiled while making yoghurt and yoghurt yeast is added to it, the disease is not transmitted by yoghurt. Brucella bacteria reproduce in the regional lymph nodes after entering the body through the gastrointestinal tract, skin, and rarely through respiration, multiply, and then spread to all organs of the body. It affects the skin, gastrointestinal system, testicles, lungs, brain, heart and vessels and causes many different diseases (central nervous system or
such as heart valve involvement). It also settles in bones and joints.
MOST COMMON SYMPTOMS
Brucella, which starts with insidious general signs of infection, can be confused with other diseases. High fever with chills and chills causes symptoms of profuse sweating at night. The fever gradually increases every day, reaching 39-40 degrees. Along with fever, muscle and joint pain, enlarged liver and spleen, and widespread swelling in lymph nodes may occur in the body. The fever, which stays as high as 10 days, then gradually decreases. The patient thinks he has the flu and is recovering. But after a week the fever rises again. This fluctuating course of fever can last for months. In this period, the diagnosis is made with the Wright test.
KNOWN AS ‘SHEEP DISEASE’
Brucella is more common in developing countries. It is known as ‘sheep disease’ among the people because it is mostly transmitted from sheep to people in Turkey. Its lethality is low, but its disease-causing potential is high. Every year, thousands of people in our country get this disease. It is common in Turkey, especially in South East and Central Anatolia. It is more common in summer. Because during these months, opportunities to travel to rural areas and making cheese increase.
HERE ARE THE WAYS TO PROTECT
There is no safe and effective vaccine for the disease for humans. Protective measures are valuable. Milk and dairy products sold in the open should not be preferred. Meat and dairy products that do not have label information, whose source is unknown and which are not sure to be produced in safe places should not be consumed. It is important that milk is boiled or pasteurized. Cheese and butter should not be made without pasteurizing milk. Pickled cheeses should be kept for at least 3 months and soft cheeses should be consumed after at least 6 months. Farmers, slaughterhouse workers, butchers should be trained, and they should be provided with gloves and masks. Control and vaccination of brucella in animals are important.
TREATMENT TAKES LONG
Treatment is done by using some antibiotics together for at least 6 weeks. Recurrence can be seen in 20-30% of cases. The disease can sometimes recur even after two years.
Source From: Sozcu