Commonly called cecum, Annex It is a bag located at the beginning of the large intestine under the abdominal cavity. Although the size of this pocket varies for each person, it is usually 10 centimeters. Inflammation of this organ appendicitis causes the disease.
The function of the appendix is still unknown. It is believed that the appendix, whose function in the body is not fully known, could be an organ linked to the immune system.
WHAT IS THE ANNEX?
Appendicitis is a disease caused by inflammation of the appendix organ. Appendicitis can be seen in people of any age after the age of 2.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF APPENDICITIS?
The most common symptom of appendicitis is severe pain in the right lower abdomen. Appendicitis pain can become so severe that it interferes with daily activities. Vomiting and nausea may accompany appendicitis pain.
Other symptoms of appendicitis;
– Swelling in the belly
-Loss of appetite
Increased pain in the right lower side of the abdomen
– Impossibility of having gasoline
WHAT CAUSES APPENDICITIS?
It is not known exactly what causes the appendix. The most important factor causing appendicitis is the obstruction of the extension called the lumen of the cecum. Causes of appendicitis
– Inflammations of digestive origin
– Accumulation of hardened stools
– Intestinal infections
– Food residues such as lemon and pomegranate seeds escape into the appendix
Burst appendicitis is a big risk. The rash of appendicitis indicates the progression of the disease. In case of burst appendicitis, you need to get to the hospital as soon as possible. In case of appendicitis occurring in early period, the duration of hospitalization decreases, while the duration of hospitalization is prolonged in cases where the intervention is delayed. Rupture of appendicitis and the spread of inflammation to the abdomen can cause septic shock and be life-threatening.
APPENDICITIS IN CHILDREN
Abdominal pain in children occurs for many reasons. Diarrhea, constipation, and even otitis media can swell the lymph nodes in the abdomen and cause abdominal pain. Therefore, not all abdominal pain should be considered appendicitis. The duration and place of onset of pain guide the diagnosis, but appendicitis can progress in the initial stage without giving very typical results. Considering all age groups, the most common emergency requiring surgery in children is appendicitis. You don’t see it very often for the first few years, then it gradually increases. It is more common in the period from school through adolescence. The reason why appendicitis is common in children is that they are more prone to infections.
ANNEX DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT
The diagnosis of appendicitis is very difficult because its symptoms resemble many diseases. In the diagnosis of appendicitis, abdominal ultrasound or MRI methods can be applied after a physical examination. The most important element in the diagnosis of appendicitis is the person’s history and complaints.
The most common treatment for appendicitis is removal of the appendix from the body. Surgical removal of the appendix is called appendectomy. There are 2 types of appendectomy. Removal of the appendix is performed by laparoscopic or open surgery. In both cases, general anesthesia is applied to the patient. Rarely, if the appendicitis has not flared up, it can be treated with antibiotics.