Motorists want to fine less often, but tougher
The State Duma has prepared amendments to the federal Code of Administrative Offenses regarding punishment for traffic violations. Small fines are replaced by warnings, but a number of other violations will become more expensive several times over. This will increase the amount of fines collected by billions of rubles a year, but a number of experts believe that the case will end in general sabotage.
Officially, as follows from the explanatory note to the bill, the reform of the penalty system is conceived in order to reduce the burden on motorists. The author of the document, State Duma deputy Nikolai Novichkov, notes that now, de facto, traffic police inspectors are almost not fined for minor misconduct, the amendments simply codify this reality at the level of law.
Violations for which it is officially proposed not to fine, but to issue warnings: a dirty number (part 1 of article 12.2), lack of necessary documents, if in principle they are available (part 2 and part 3 of article 12.3). It is proposed to stop penalizing for not turning on the direction indicator and headlights and for driving with malfunctions (Part 1, Article 12.5).
“This idea has been expressed many times, including by me personally,” says Victor Travin, President of the Board of Legal Protection of Car Owners. It is unprofitable for the state to collect small fines, and in general it is petty when the state chases people for nothing. Well, the driver did not have a piece of paper with a policy – they checked it against the database, everything is in order, they let me go. It is reasonable not to punish with a ruble where there is no impact on security.
At the same time, the abolition of the fine for turn signals and driving without lights is a wrong decision, Travin believes. Driving without turn signals, like other manifestations of low driving culture, leads to accidents, including serious ones. Another issue is that the fines themselves do not bring up a driver’s culture, the expert stressed.
Simultaneously with easing in minor articles, the authors of the bill propose to sharply increase the penalties for other driver’s paragraphs of the Code of Administrative Offenses. Namely: an unfastened seat belt will cost not 1000, but 5000 rubles. Repeatedly exceeding the speed limit by 40–60 km/h can lead to the deprivation of rights for six months. In addition, punishments for exceeding the average speed are regulated.
“For almost thirty years that I have been following the reforms of the Code of Administrative Offenses, fines have been regularly increased with the same motivation: the current rates do not work, let’s raise them,” says Viktor Travin. “But, comrades, it’s time to understand: if the medicine does not help, we must not increase the dose to infinity, but change the treatment!”
– This initiative, of course, with a double bottom, – comments the auto expert Petr Shkumatov. – Minor fines are canceled by about 150 million rubles a year, and large fines increase the profits of the state and concessionaires by 15 billion rubles a year.
According to Shkumatov, for several years now, a coalition of social activists has been proposing to government agencies to change the very algorithm of punishment for traffic violations. Namely: to completely exempt from punishment for non-gross violations of those who have three or fewer of these violations a year. Conversely, holders of more than 30 administrative protocols per year will be fined at the maximum rates.
Tougher penalties could lead, as Viktor Travin predicts, to mass sabotage. “Very large fines will simply be unenforceable,” the expert believes. – They will register cars for poor grandmothers, they will hide their accounts and in other ways avoid answering. The need for inventions is cunning, especially in Russia.
We add that if the traffic police inspector is no longer fined for a dirty license plate, this will become a direct incentive to keep it constantly very, very dirty. After all, then the car can become invisible to cameras, and this will prevent much larger fines.
Source From: MK